There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world, living across 90 countries. They make up less than 5 per cent of the world's population, but account for 15 per cent of the poorest. They speak an overwhelming majority of the world's estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures.
The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People, which takes place every year on 9 August, was proclaimed by the General Assembly in December 1994. The date marks the day of the first meeting, in 1982, of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.
The 2016 celebrations were based around the theme of "Indigenous Peoples' Right to Education."
The theme for 2017 has not yet been announced.
Photo courtesy of Flickr/US Mission Geneva